Community Orchard

The Community Orchard was planted in February 2015.  Martyn Hornsby Smith is the main keeper of the Orchard, with Josie Brooks having chosen the varieties and supervised the planting and maintenance.  We have a lot of help from the Orchard Project.  Any Park user is welcome to pick the fruit when it is ripe.   We do have an apple day in October each year.

Martyn has done an inventory of the trees in 2018, and also renewed the labels.  Our stock looks like this.  (NB,  there are fruit trees around the Park that are not in the community orchard and we have not yet established which variety these are.)

If you would like to help look after the Orchard email us on parkinsonspark@gmail.com

APPLES

Balsam

  • Bright green fruit with a hint of yellow. Pink blossom
  • Dual purpose – cooker & desert. Not an “eat-off” tree. Sweetens in store
  • Pick November. Keeps well over winter.
  • Makes excellent cider!
  • Self-fertile, Group 2
  • Origin – Yorkshire, 1750. Was known as “the farmer’s wife apple”

Yorkshire Greening

  • Large red apple (though I’ve seen picture showing a very green apple!)
  • Desert, but also for cooking & cider making
  • Heavy cropper. pick mid-season – October.
  • Stores well (up to 10 months claimed!)
  • Non self-fertile – Group 3
  • Origin – Yorkshire – c1762

Greenups Pippin

  • Green apple, turning yellow in the sun, often with a warm blush.
  • “Triple purpose” – dessert, cooking & cider.
  • Ripe in October, with tender, sweet, juicy flesh. Cooks to a purée.  Before fully ripe, while still sharp, used as cider “bittersharp”.
  • Pollination Group 5.
  • Origin –Appears in the 1798 catalogue of Clark & Atkinson, nurserymen of Keswick & Keighley. South Lakeland Orchard Group have a reference going back to 1769.

Ribston Pippin

  • Generally believed to be one of the parents of Cox’s Orange Pippin.
  • Red/orange flush to skin. Generally a round apple.
  • Mainly desert but can be cooked with.
  • Harvest late. Aromatic flavour. Eat fresh.
  • Pollination Group 3
  • Origin – Ribston Hall, Little Ribston, Knaresborough, Yorkshire, 1708. Grown from one of three seed sent from Normandy, France.

Charlestown Pippin

  • Desert variety. Green skin. Light flavour, sweet & juicy
  • Pick September. Use September/October
  • Pollination Group B (2).
  • Origin – Yorkshire, 1888. Rare.

Bramley Seedling

  • Best known cooker.
  • Solid green colour if picked early. Pale green-yellow skin with touch of red or orange where sun catches if picked ripe.
  • Use November – March. Stores well. Rich, sharp, acidic flavour
  • Cooks down to stiff but light puree. Good for juicing & cider.
  • Pollination Group 3. A “triploid” – needs two other cultivars for good pollination. Partially tip-bearing
  • Origin – Nottinghamshire, 1809

Egremont Russet

  • Dessert apple
  • Slightly rough skin, ochre coloured when ripe.
  • Use October – December. Good for storage.
  • Moist, rather than juicy, flesh. Flavour traditionally described as “nutty”. Recommended for “savoury” salads & with cheese.
  • Pollination Group 2. Only partially self-fertile. Spur bearer.
  • Origin – Sussex (Lord Egremont’s estate), early 1800s. On record officially, 1872, by J Scott of Somerset.

Lord Derby

  • Cooking apple
  • Green skin that turns yellow on ripening
  • Blossom is a “treat” – deep pink before flowers open, followed by pale pink petals with deep pink backs to them.
  • Ready for picking mid-October. Use up to Christmas.
  • Even when ripe fruit is too acidic for eating. Excellent for cooking, reducing to a puree.
  • Pollination Group 4 (late flowering). Self-sterile. Needs a pollinator (such as Discovery or James Grieve).
  • Origin – Stockport. First recorded 1862. Association with Lord Derby unknown!

Red Devil

  • Dessert apple
  • Deep red skin, crisp, pinky-red flesh, very juicy (pink) – with a hint of strawberry.
  • Red/pink blossom.
  • Pick from late September. Claimed that will keep in cool conditions until January.
  • Pollination Group 3, self-fertile. Spur bearer.
  • Origin – Kent, 1975. A Discovery cross. Named after the “Red Devils” parachute display team.

James Grieve

  • Good cooker when picked early (late August?) with strong acidity. Keeps its shape on cooking – tarte au pomme? –
  • Dessert apple from September & good for juicing. Bruises easily so not found in Supermarkets.
  • Use September, October &, possibly, later.
  • Yellow/green speckled & striped orange/red fruit.
  • Pollinator Group 3, self-fertile, good pollinator of other apple varieties. Blossom is frost-resistant.
  • Origin – Edinburgh, 1893. Bred by James Grieve. A cross between either Pott’s Seedling or Cox’s Orange Pippin & an unknown pollinator.

Discovery

  • Dessert apple that can be used for cooking. Excellent for juicing.
  • Pink/green skin with flesh touched with pink.
  • Fresh tangy flavour with, at times, a hint of strawberry (see  “Red Devil”)
  • Early ripening variety – August in this area.
  • Not generally considered to keep well & eaten straight from tree is best.
  • Pollination Group 3. Self-sterile. James Grieve, Lord Derby suitable pollinators. Spur bearer.
  • Origin – Essex 1949 – a seedling of Worcester Pearmain, with pollinator thought to be Beauty of Bath.

PEARS

 Conference

  • Desert, but claimed to be “exceptional when cooked”
  • As with all pears, harvest slightly under-ripe. Can be eaten until January, particularly if kept in a fridge.
  • Flowers April/May, fruits Oct/Nov. Pollination Group 3.
  • White flowers, dark glossy green foliage, greenish brown skin, becoming pale yellow when ripe.
  • Partly self-fertile but better if grown with other varieties.
  • Developed from the European Pear (Pyrus communis) in Britain by Thomas Francis Rivers. It gained its name through winning first prize at the National British Pear Conference, held in London in 1885.

Concorde

  • A “new” variety, raised at Horticultural Research, East Malling. Released to gardeners & commercial growers in 1994 but breeding began in 1968.
  • A cross between Conference (male) & Doyenne du Comice (female).
  • Flowering group 4, Pollinated by Conference, though now found to be self-fertile.
  • Heavy cropping. Pick late October. Stores well until January.

Invincible

  • Particularly interesting as it produces 2 flower crops. Will set 2 separate crops which mature at a different time – extending the season, AND, if there is a late frost, should still produce a crop.
  • A long picking period – 1st week in Sept to 2nd week in Oct. Stores to Feb  (and beyond, if kept in a fridge).
  • Good cooker (particularly early picked fruit) as well as desert.
  • Emerald green, clean-looking skin, yellowing slightly when ripe.
  • Flowering group 2. Self-fertile.
  • Described as a “typical modern French pear”.

PLUMS

Laxton’s Cropper

  • Blue-black skin, a medium to large fruit.
  • Firm, juicy flesh, best used for culinary purposes – “makes a fantastic crumble”
  • Start cropping in Sept. Hangs on tree well into October without deteriorating. Keeps well in storage.
  • Flowering Group 3. Self-fertile.
  • Origin – Bedford 1906, introduced to market 1931.
  • Cross between Victoria & Aylesbury Prune Damson

Jubilee

  • Raised in Sweden, a “new” variety, very similar but superior to Victoria in flavour & appearance, but much larger. Very hardy.
  • Slightly sweeter than average, excellent when cooked, making puree & drinks.
  • Partially self-fertile, Flowering Group 3
  • White/pink blossom, green foliage. Harvest mid-August.
  • Suggestion that crops should be thinned mid-spring, otherwise the weight of the crop could cause branches to break (not unusual with plums).
  • Have seen note that fruiting period is quite short so that crop will need picking over just a week or two.
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